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The Controversy Over India or Bharat: A Historical Perspective, Push to Rename India

The debate over the name of India, or rather ‘Bharat,’ has taken center stage recently. This move has ignited a passionate discussion, with some seeing it as a nationalist push, while others view it as a step towards reclaiming India’s history and identity.

The G-20 Summit Dinner Party

The controversy began when invitations for the G-20 Summit dinner party were sent out, addressing the President of India as “President of Bharat.” This switch from using “India” to “Bharat” immediately caught the attention of the media and the public alike.

Bharat: A Historical Perspective

To understand the significance of this change, we must delve into the history of the names “India” and “Bharat.” “India” is an Anglicization of the Sanskrit word for the Indus River, “sindhu,” and was introduced during the British colonial rule from 1858 to 1947. In contrast, “Bharat” has its roots in ancient Hindu religious texts, the Puranas, describing a vast landmass where humans reside, with one part known as “Bharatavarsa.”

The Name Debate

The debate over which name to use has spilled over onto social media, where opinions are diverse and strong. Critics argue that this move erases India’s diverse heritage and foundational principle of unity in diversity. On the other hand, some praise it as anti-imperialist and a return to India’s authentic historical identity.

Political Motivations

One cannot ignore the political undertones of this controversy. Two months before this incident, opposition parties joined together and named themselves “INDIA” ahead of the Spring 2024 Indian general election. This renaming trend might be an attempt by the ruling party to counter this move.

Constitutional Recognition

Article 1 of the Indian constitution starts with the words, “India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States.” So, both names are constitutionally recognized. This dual nomenclature reflects the nation’s diverse cultural and linguistic tapestry.

Hindustan: Another Name in the Mix

It’s worth mentioning that another popular name for India is “Hindustan,” which means “land of the Indus” in Persian. However, it is not officially recognized as the legal name for India in the constitution.

A Plethora of Opinions

Opinions on this matter are highly polarized. Some see it as an unnecessary distraction from more pressing issues, while others view it as a symbolic and important gesture.

The Future of ‘Bharat’ and ‘India’

The future of these names remains uncertain. While court cases have been filed in India’s Supreme Court to officially change the country’s name to “Bharat,” judges have so far refrained from getting involved in this contentious debate.


The controversy over renaming India to “Bharat” is not just about semantics; it’s a reflection of the nation’s complex history, politics, and identity. It raises questions about the importance of historical roots, unity in diversity, and the influence of colonial history on the nation’s identity.

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1. Is “Bharat” the official name of India?

No, “Bharat” is not the official name of India, but it is constitutionally recognized alongside “India.”

2. Why are some people in favor of renaming India to “Bharat”?

Some view it as a return to India’s historical and authentic identity, while others see it as a way to counter opposition party actions.

3. What is the significance of the name “Hindustan” in this debate?

“Hindustan” is another name for India, but it is not officially recognized as the legal name for the country.

4. Are there any court cases to officially change India’s name to “Bharat”?

Yes, there have been court cases filed in India’s Supreme Court to change the country’s name to “Bharat,” but no decision has been made thus far.

5. How does this controversy reflect India’s identity?

This controversy reflects India’s complex history, politics, and identity, raising questions about historical roots, unity in diversity, and the influence of colonial history on the nation’s identity.

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